Friday, April 22, 2011


The Red Men in Iowa by A. R. Fulton
[Des Moines, Iowa: Mills & Company, Publishers, 1882]
  The name of this chief signifies "a chief when a child," indicating that he inherited his office. He presided over a band of the Sacs. He was a man of a sedate and quiet disposition, and was much beloved by his people. We know but little of his early life. During the Black Hawk War he favored the peace policy of Keokuk, having always entertained a friendly feeling toward the whites. After the removal of the Sacs and Foxes from Iowa River to the Des Moines he established his village near the site of the present city of Ottumwa, where his people cultivated a portion of the ground now within the limits of that city. The grounds occupied by the round-house and other buildings of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad were once a part of the corn-fields of Appanoose and his people.  
  Appanoose was one of the delegation who, in 1837, with Keokuk and other head men, accompanied General Street to Washington, at which time he visited with them the city of Boston. He was present with them in the meeting at Faneuil Hall, and also in the State-house, where Governor Everett, and other State officials of Massachusetts, tendered them a reception. It was on that occasion that he brought himself prominently into notice by making the most animated speech, both in manner and matter, that was delivered by the chiefs. Keokuk having, in reply to Governor Everett first spoken, Appanoose arose, and said:
  "Brothers: You have heard just now what my chief has to say. All our chiefs and warriors are very much gratified by our visit to this town. Last Saturday they were invited to a great house (Faneuil Hall), and now they are in the great council-house. They are very much pleased with so much attention. This we cannot reward you for now, but shall not forget it, and hope the Great Spirit will reward you for it. This is the place which our forefathers once inhabited. I have often heard my father and grandfather say they lived near the sea-coast where the white men first came. I am glad to hear all this from you. I suppose it is put in a book, where you learn all these things. As far as I can understand the language of the white people, it appears to me that the Americans have attained a very high rank among white people. It is the same with us, though I say it myself. Where we live beyond the Mississippi, I am respected by all people, and they consider me the tallest among them. I am happy that two great men meet and shake hands with each other."
  Appanoose, at the conclusion of his speech, suited the action to the word by extending his hand to Governor Everett, while the audience shouted its applause at the self- complacency of the orator. He immediately became one of the heroes of that memorable occasion, and returned to his Western home with a number of valuable presents.
  According to statements of pioneers, Appanoose had four wives. Being of a quiet and peaceful disposition, he was not much known beyond his own village, whose interests, it is said, he watched over with great prudence and care. The date of his death we have not been able to ascertain, but it must have occurred after the removal of his people to that part of the Des Moines valley above Red Rock, for he is incidentally mentioned as being among them after that time. In an old memorandum of pioneer days in Iowa we have seen mention of the death of a Sac chief whose name was given as Op-pe-noose, as occurring at the mouth of Clear Creek, believed to be the small stream of that name in Keokuk county. Like his cotemporary (though senior in years), Wapello, he had probably returned on a visit to his former haunts, when the messenger came that was to summon him to his final hunting-grounds in the land of the Great Spirit. 

Thursday, April 21, 2011

Appanoose County Historical Society -------------------- to Digitize All Centerville Newspapers

Ad-Express and Daily Iowegian - 8 April 2011
  CENTERVILLE — The Appanoose County Historical Society has undertaken the task of having all of the Centerville newspapers digitized. This will include pre-Iowegian newspapers dating back as far 1857 and going all the way up to the present. This will include the Daily Citizen, the Centerville Journal, The Southern Iowa American (the Ku Klux Klan newspaper), the Semi-Weekly Iowegian and the Daily Ioweigan up through 2010.

  You may have some questions, like, “What is digitization?” or “How does this differ from microfilm?” Digitization is a process that uses already microfilmed newspapers, scans them into a database, and makes them searchable with key search words, phrases, or dates. Where microfilm only allows you to scour the pages of the newspapers, digitization will allow intuitive searches for the information you are looking for and return it to you on screen. Digitization will allow a person to do research via a Web site on the Internet, never having to leave their home or office, and accomplish this type of search for information in a much more efficient way. The Web site would be available for use at the Appanoose County Historical & Coal Mining Museum, the Drake Library, or could be accessed from any home computer.
  People who will benefit include genealogical researchers, historians and students looking for specific historical information about Appanoose County, family members looking for articles on their families, businesses, basically everyone who has ever been curious about something in Centerville. This searchable newspaper archive will be able to show you any articles, advertisements, photos, obituaries — virtually anything that was in the newspaper! Even the staff at the Daily Iowegian will have a great way to easily look up previously published material.
  To see what the digitization will be like, you can look at the old copies of the Moravia Union and Moulton Tribune at the archive Web site at These papers have already been digitized and are useful tools to local genealogists.
  The cost of the digitization of all of the newspapers is around $25,000, which may sound like a large expenditure, but when you take into consideration the volume of material that has to be done, it’s less than $200 per year. The Advantage Companies in Cedar Rapids has recently quoted the project to cost $24,300, and that is through the 2010 newspapers. Once completed, a much more affordable annual cost will be incurred to keep the archive current.
  The potential for the digitization was originally suggested by Appanoose County Genealogy Society President Gary Craver. He has spent thousands of hours at the library, pouring over microfilm doing genealogical research. The possibility of doing the research from his home was really appealing, so he contacted Heritage Microfilm to get a quote. It was very expensive, and he didn’t know how the money could ever be raised to accomplish it.
  But that’s where Connie Stater came in. Board member of the Appanoose County Historical Society, Connie had been using the hard-bound volumes of the old Iowegians at the museum to do research on the beginnings of the Majestic Theater now being restored by Morgan Cline. Those old newspapers are brittle and crumble easily, making them very difficult to use.  She, Gary, and some other members of the Historical Society sprang into action, looking for grants and other ways to raise the needed funds for digitization.
  To kick off the project, Kris Koestner of J&K Market made a $500 donation for the project. Connie has sent out letters to several local people and businesses that she thought would have a keen interest in the digitized newspapers. If you would like to help with this project, your donations will be gratefully accepted. If you want to help, just call Connie Stater at (641) 856-5426 or come to the museum any weekday between 1-5 p.m.  
  Editor's Note:  This project will provide a great resource for local and family historians of Appanoose County, Iowa, that will be accessible from their home computers.  Contributions should be payable to the Appanoose County Historical Society and mailed to them at 100 West Maple Street, Centerville, IA 52544 with a note that your charitable contribution is for the Historical Newspaper Project.